Parallel to this and in yogic terminology, we have the following seemingly different forms of approach to the Divine, such as Dhyana Yoga, Kriya Yoga, Ngyana (Giana) Yoga, Bhakti Yoga, Kaja Yoga, Prema Yoga and so on. When we try to define these yogas we invariably come across a large measure of overlapping functions, when several similarities between them emerge. The seeming differences if any, only become apparent to a neophyte, i.e. one who is a beginner, and who is still probing in the dark!
Once the real and wholistic system of worship for effective union with God is discovered, then these superficial and man-made differences in the various connotations of Yoga listed above pale into insignificance. We then narrow down to a simple and straight forward system, which may be termed the Integral Yoga.
It is sad and unfortunate that many of the acknowledged and seemingly illustrious yogic experts of old and many currently amidst us, continue to add to this confusion, by perpetuating and probagating the importance and need to follow these man-made apparently differing systems and paths, to achieve ultimate yoga, i.e. the union with God. I consider these ostensibly differing yogas listed above as man-devised, because there is no mention of these in any of the Hindu or for that matter in other world's Scriptures, in the manner the scriptures are being told now for several centuries.
ALL RELIGIONS TEACH THE SAME FORM OF TRUE WORSHIP
May I emphasize that for any system or technique of worship and meditation to be true, efficacious and authentic, it must have due mention and reference in the Scriptures of the world. By such Scriptures, I mean the Holy Books of all the great religions of the entire world. I say this with due conviction, because happily it is possible to find the required system of worship/meditation for man, which indeed is really simple and most effective, and a common denominator underlying all the religious Scriptures, provided we dig deep enough into the metaphorical, allegorical and oft times enigmatic utterances of the world's prophets and avatars of old. In a moment we shall consider a representation of such Divine utterances to prove the truth of the above analysis.
SCRIPTURAL PRONOUNCEMENTS ON HOW TO WORSHIP
Let us take the Sikh Scriptures which contain the most prolific references and injunctions on the mode of worship, enjoined on man.
The above two are amongst thousands of similar statements from the voluminous Sikh Scriptures, which directly although somewhat metaphorically in the language of the times, recommend the true way of worship and meditation, through a process of effortless spontaneous surrender, without a need to fix one's attention on anything, not even on God itself! The absolute need for adopting the technique of total and utter self effacement and submission is given so much importance, that the Gurmat (Sikh) way of meditation and union with the Divine, has been succinctly labeled as Saran Yoga, i.e.Yoga of Surrender Relevant reference to this is embodied in the following passages from the S.G.G.S.:
These rather cryptic words in quotation at (iv) above require some elucidation. Material gifts which we normally receive are inert and do not have life as such. But since there is a happening and an experience involved when receiving the type of gift received above, it must be vibratory and alive. Gurbani (the Sikh Scriptures ) abounds with references to (Naam Dhaan), the gift of Naam, (Bhagti Dhaan) Gift of Bhagti (meditation). What is received as a gift is the arousal of ecstasy, This arousal (the happening) is awakening of the Naam power normally lying dormant within our being. This reaction and spiritual experience constitutes actual meditation, and when this starts to occur spontaneously on its own accord, we are enjoined not to block it but rather let it happen, i.e., let it flow its course. With this explanation, the true purpose of the cryptic quotation appearing at (iv) above should be interestingly clear.